Regeneration and treatment of sulfidic spent caustic using analytic hierarchy process

Asadollah Karimi1, Esmaeil Fatehifar2*, Reza Alizadeh3, and Iraj Ahadzadeh4, (2016) Regeneration and treatment of sulfidic spent caustic using analytic hierarchy process. Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal.

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Abstract

Background: Sulfur compounds must be removed from petroleum because they contribute to environmental pollution. A strong alkaline solution such as caustic soda is used to remove these compounds. This spent caustic has high values for chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration, pH and total sulfur. In this study, the regeneration and treatment methodology of sulfidic spent caustic was investigated by applying the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Methods: The evaluation index system developed was based on group decision-improved AHP. Expert Choice software was used to simplify decision-making when choosing a practical method and prioritizing treatment of spent caustic. Cost, environmental considerations, availability and scale-up were chosen as criteria and wet air oxidation and biological and catalytic methods were selected as alternative methods. The treatment and regeneration of spent caustic was carried out in a batch bubble column reactor loaded with IVKAZ catalyst and the effluent was treated in a precipitation-stirred tank reactor. Results: Evaluation indicated that cost ranked first among criteria at 40.9%. The results showed that the proposed process produced about 13% (wt) of caustic, 50 g/L of COD and 36 g/L of S2-. Conclusion: The results indicate that the catalytic method was more effective (0.45) than wet air oxidation and the biological method. This process regenerated more than 85% of initial caustic and the economy of the process improved by the recycling of the stream of caustic. Keywords: Catalytic oxidation, Wastewater treatment, Recovery, Expert Choice

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: ehemj ehemj ehemj
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2017 07:14
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2017 07:16
URI: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/26081

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