Phenobarbital versus morphine in the management of neonatal abstinence syndrome, a randomized control trial

Nayeri, F and Sheikh, M and Kalani, M and Niknafs, P and Shariat, M and Dalili, H and Dehpour, AR (2015) Phenobarbital versus morphine in the management of neonatal abstinence syndrome, a randomized control trial. BMC Pediatr.

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Abstract

BACKGROUNDS: Evaluating the efficacy of the loading and tapering dose of Phenobarbital versus oral Morphine in the management of NAS. METHODS: This randomized, open-label, controlled trial was conducted on 60 neonates born to illicit drugs dependent mothers at Vali-Asr and Akbar-Abadi hospitals, Tehran, Iran, who exhibited NAS requiring medical therapy. The neonates were randomized to receive either: Oral Morphine Sulfate or a loading dose of Phenobarbital followed by a tapering dose. The duration of treatment required for NAS resolution, the total hospital stay and the requirement for additional second line treatment were compared between the treatment groups. RESULTS: The Mean ± Standard Deviation for the duration of treatment required for the resolution of NAS was 8.5 ± 5 days in the Morphine group and 8.5 ± 4 days in the Phenobarbital group (P = 0.9). The duration of total hospital stay was 12.6 ± 5.6 days in the Morphine group and 12.5 ± 5.3 days in the Phenobarbital group (P = 0.7). 3.3 % in the Morphine group versus 6.6 % in the Phenobarbital group required adjunctive treatment (P = 0.5). CONCLUSIONS: There were no significant differences in the duration of treatment, duration of hospital stay, and the requirement for adjunctive treatment, between the neonates with NAS who received Morphine Sulfate and neonates who received a loading and tapering dose of Phenobarbital.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Depositing User: azam bazrafshan bazrafshan
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2016 07:36
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2016 07:36
URI: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/24236

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