Prevalence Rate of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Bam District during 20 Years (1988-2007)

Aflatoonian M.R., Sharifi I., (2015) Prevalence Rate of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Bam District during 20 Years (1988-2007). Journal of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. ISSN 1023-9510

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Abstract: Background & Aims: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) has been endemic in Bam district for many years and several epidemics have already occurred. Following a silent period, another outbreak of CL occurred after the earthquake in 2003. This study was performed to find the trend of CL during 20 years (1988-2007) in Bam district. Methods: In a retrospective study, data of 29395 CL patients were collected from medical records of Center for CL Control and Treatment and also from previous published studies and analyzed. Results: Before the earthquake there were three periods of outbreak, control and silent. The highest prevalence (8.3%, 6734 cases) was in 2000, whereas the lowest (0.2%, 215 cases) was in 2003 just prior to the earthquake. Again, in 2006 CL prevalence increased to an epidemic level (2.6%, 2880 cases). During these 20 years, age of patients has increased and after the earthquake males infected more than females. Lesion sites has changed from face to hands and legs. The causative agent and the vector have been Leishmania tropica and phlebotomus sergenti, respectively. Conclusion: Epidemiology of CL varies with environmental changes and due to the immunity after infection, the incidence rate becomes equivalent to the birth rate. Increase in the prevalence of CL after the earthquake is mainly due to the immigration of non–immune individuals to this area. In endemic areas with frequent natural disasters such as earthquake, it is very essential to consider preventive programs in advance. Keywords: Prevalence, Cutaneous leishmaniasis, Bam district

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: journals journals journals
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2015 06:44
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2015 06:44

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