Burden of Drug and Alcohol Use Disorders in Iran: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010

Moazen, Babak and Shokoohi, Mostafa and Noori, A and Rahimzadeh, S and Saeedi Moghaddam, S and Rezaei, F and Lotfizadeh, Masoud and Kazemi, MR and Jamshidi, HR and Pazhuheian, F and Rabbani, S and Naderimagham, S (2015) Burden of Drug and Alcohol Use Disorders in Iran: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Arch Iran Med, 18 (8). pp. 480-5.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Due to its specific socio-cultural and geographical situation, Iran has a major public health problem in terms of drug and alcohol use. The aim of this study is to report and critique the burden of drug and alcohol use disorders in Iran, and to compare these measurements with similar findings. METHODS: This study used data for Iran for the years 1990, 2005, and 2010 derived from the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD 2010) conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in 2010. The burden of drug and alcohol use disorders was evaluated in terms of disability adjusted life years (DALYs), years of life lost to premature mortality (YLLs), and years lived with disability (YLDs). RESULTS: All rates were reported per 100,000 individuals. Death rates attributed to drug and alcohol use disorders were 7.7 and 0.16 for men, and 0.62 and 0.02 for women, respectively. YLL rates regarding drug use disorders were 351.8 and 24.8 for men and women, while these figures were 5.8 and 1.0 for alcohol use disorders for men and women, respectively. YLD rates of drug use disorders were 452.6 for men and 202.1 for women, and 105.8 for men and 23.7 for women for alcohol use disorders. DALY rates attributed to drug use disorders were 804.5 for men and 227 for women, while these rates were 111.7 for men and 24.7 for women, related to alcohol use disorders. CONCLUSION: Similar to the cases in many other countries, the burden of both drug and alcohol use disorders is higher for men than women in Iran. Although prevention policies and programs for drug and alcohol use are required for both genders, the need for drug and alcohol use intervention seems more urgent for men in Iran.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Depositing User: azam bazrafshan bazrafshan
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2015 05:35
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2015 05:35
URI: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/22848

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