Burden of Oral Diseases in Iran, 1990-2010: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010

Shoaee, S and Ghasemian, A and Mehrabani, K and Naderimagham, S and Delavari, F and Sheidaei, A and Hajizadeh, N and Varmaghani, M and Hessari, H (2015) Burden of Oral Diseases in Iran, 1990-2010: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Arch Iran Med, 18 (8). pp. 486-92.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Oral diseases, as a group of chronic diseases, are among the major public health problems that lead to disability throughout the world. The major part of burden of oral diseases is caused by dental caries, periodontal diseases, edentulism, mouth cancer, cleft lip, and cleft palate. The aim of the present paper is to report the global results for the burden of oral disease in Iran from 1990 to 2010, derived from GBD study 2010 by sex and age. METHODS: The Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) was a systematic effort with a common framework to estimate disability adjusted life years (DALYs) for diseases in different parts of the world. Years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs) were assessed based on cause-of-death estimates and by means of a cause of death ensemble model (CODEm). Years of life lost due to disability (YLDs) were computed by multiplying the prevalence, the disability weight for a sequel, and the duration of symptoms. A systematic review of published and unpublished data was conducted to estimate disease distribution using a Bayesian meta-regression method (DisMod-MR). Disability weights were measured by collecting data from population-based surveys. In this paper, we describe the results of GBD 2010 regarding oral diseases in Iran, critique the results, and provide some recommendations. RESULTS: Between 1990 and 2010 in Iran, an increase occurred in DALYs at all ages, attributed to dental caries (from 37,230 to 56,521) as well as periodontal diseases (from 21,482 to 43,308), and a decrease was found for edentulism (from 53,134 to 47,960). DALYs at all ages attributed to mouth cancer increased (from 5,597 to 7,771), while a decline was noted for cleft lip and cleft palate (from 6,157 to 5,034). The age-standardized DALY rates per 100,000 population did not considerably change for dental caries and periodontal diseases, while edentulism showed a reduction. The corresponding DALY rate due to mouth cancer decreased, while it remained almost unchanged for cleft lip and cleft palate over this period. DALY rates per 100,000 population due to dental caries and edentulism were higher among Iranian women than for Iranian men at all ages, while Iranian men suffered from a higher burden of periodontal disease, mouth cancer, cleft lip, and cleft palate. The most significant burden due to dental caries and periodontal diseases was found in Iranians aged 15-49 and 50-69 years, respectively and edentulism and mouth cancer led to the highest burden in Iranians older than 70 years of age. The highest burden caused by cleft lip and cleft palate occurred in children younger than 5 years old. CONCLUSION: The findings address the challenging changes in oral diseases and difficulties in responding to the urgent oral health needs in Iran. The burden of oral diseases should be considered as a priority in Iran. A need also exists to pay more attention to the oral health policies and principles of preventive oral care. Global analyses of disease burdens provide a useful framework to guide a suitable policy in response to disease changes. In fact, strong national and sub-national analyses will be required to provide more effective public health strategies.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Depositing User: azam bazrafshan bazrafshan
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2015 05:31
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2015 05:31
URI: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/22846

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