Iranian Health Literacy Questionnaire (IHLQ): An Instrument for Measuring Health Literacy in Iran

Haghdoost, Ali-Akbar and Rakhshani, F and Aarabi, M and Montazeri, A and Tavousi, M and Solimanian, A and Sarbandi, F and Namdar, H and Iranpour, A (2015) Iranian Health Literacy Questionnaire (IHLQ): An Instrument for Measuring Health Literacy in Iran. Iran Red Crescent Med J, 17 (6). e25831.

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BACKGROUND: Promoting Health Literacy (HL) is considered as an important goal in strategic plans of many countries. In spite of the necessity for access to valid, reliable and native HL instruments, the number of such instruments in the Persian language is scarce. Moreover, there is no good estimation of HL status in Iran. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to provide a valid, reliable and native instrument to measure and monitor community HL in Iran and also, to provide an estimation of HL status in two Iranian provinces. PATIENTS AND METHODS: By applying the multistage cluster sampling, 1080 respondents (540 from each gender) were recruited from Kerman and Mazandaran provinces of Iran, from February to June 2014 to participate in this cross-sectional study. The development of the Iranian Health Literacy Questionnaire (IHLQ) was initiated with a comprehensive review of the literature. Then, face, content and construct validity as well as reliability were determined. RESULTS: Internal consistency and test-retest reliability (ICC) of the factors was in the range of 0.71 to 0.96 and 0.73 to 0.86, respectively. In order to construct validity, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) = 0.95 and Bartlett's test result of 3.017 with P < 0.001) with varimax rotation was used. Optimal reduced solution, including 36 items and seven factors, was found in EFA. Five of the factors identified were reading/comprehension skills, individual empowerment, communication/decision-making skills, social empowerment and health knowledge. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that IHLQ might be a practical and useful tool for investigating HL for Persian language speakers around the world. Since HL is dynamic and its instruments should be regularly revised, further studies are recommended to assess HL with application of IHLQ to detect its potential imperfections.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health Literacy; Instrumentation; Iran
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Depositing User: azam bazrafshan bazrafshan
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2015 05:09
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2015 05:09

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