Application of modified bentonite using sulfuric acid for the removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions

Masoud Moradi1, Aliakbar Dehpahlavan2, Roshanak Rezaei Kalantary, (2015) Application of modified bentonite using sulfuric acid for the removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions. Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal.

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Abstract

Background: Environmental contamination by chromium (Cr) has become an important issue due to its adverse effects on human health and environment. This study was done to evaluate the application of modified bentonite using sulfuric acid as an adsorbent in the removal of hexavalent Cr from aqueous solution. Methods: Adsorbent features were determined using x-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) techniques. Thereafter, the effect of pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage and different concentrations of Cr was investigated. The experimental data was fitness in terms of kinetic and equilibrium adsorption processes. Results: The maximum capacity (Qm) of Cr(VI) according to Langmuir model was obtained at 4.21 mg/g. The experimental data properly obeyed the Longmuir and pseudo-second-order models. The highest percentage of Cr(VI) adsorption was observed at pH = 3 and the process after 60 minutes reached the equilibrium state. Conclusion: In Langmuir expression, the dimensionless constant separation term (RL) values for the adsorption of Cr onto the modified bentonite was in the range of 0-1, indicating that the adsorption is a favorable process and the modified bentonite has good potential in removing hexavalent Cr using sulfuric acid. Keywords: Modified bentonite, Sulfuric acid, Adsorption, Hexavalent chromium, Aqueous solution

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: ehemj ehemj ehemj
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2015 06:49
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2015 06:49
URI: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/22181

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