Leishmania tropica in Stray Dogs in Southeast Iran

Bamorovat, M and Sharifi, I and Dabiri, Shahriar and Mohammadi, MA and Fasihi Harandi, M and Mohebali, M and Aflatoonian, MR and Keyhani, A (2015) Leishmania tropica in Stray Dogs in Southeast Iran. Iran J Public Health, 44 (10). pp. 1359-1366.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania tropica is endemic in Kerman, southeastern Iran. While dogs have long been implicated as the main domestic reservoirs of L. infantum, etiological agent of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL), they can also carry L. tropicainfection. The objective of the present study was to determine molecular identity and to evaluate histopathological changes due to CL in dogs in a well-known focus of anthroponotic CL (ACL) in Kerman, southeastern Iran. METHODS: This study was carried out in three prospective series from 1994 to 2013 on dogs. Tissue samples were taken from 471 stray dogs. Pathological specimens including skin, spleen, liver and lymph nodes were prepared for paraffin blocks, sectioning and staining for further histopathological examination. PCR amplification of kDNA was performed to identify the causative agent and sequencing. Overall, two out of 471 stray dogs were infected with L. tropica. Hyperplasia of red pulp by the proliferation of histiocytes, lymphocytes, plasma cells and cytoplasm of histiocytes collection of amastigotes was noted. RESULTS: Based on the results of PCR products and sequencing analysis, the parasites isolated from the lesions of two dogs were characterized as L. tropica, corresponding to a band of 830 bp. CONCLUSION: This finding revealed infection with L. tropica in stray dogs in the city and suburbs of Kerman. This information is essential for public health concerns and planning effective future control programs. The role of dogs as potentional reservoir in the epidemiology of ACL needs further investigation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dog; Epidemiology; Histopathology; Iran; Leishmania tropica; Molecular
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: azam bazrafshan bazrafshan
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2015 09:26
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2015 09:26
URI: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/22095

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